11 August, 1998

Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee
Prime Minister of India

Dear Prime Ministers,

On behalf of more than 200 Pakistanis - scientists, academics,
educationists, architects, doctors, editors, engineers, journalists,
jurists, lawyers, publishers, teachers, writers, poets, artists,
filmmakers, cultural workers, human rights activists, women rights
activists, anti-child labour and anti-bonded labour activists, development
and environment experts, human resource developers, economists, political
workers, students and others - I wish to submit a petition to you against
nuclear tests and weapons. The full text and the names of the petitioners
are given below.

Ishtiaq Ahmed


The 28 and 30 May, 1998 detonations of nuclear devices by Pakistan and
similar tests conducted by India a few days earlier on 11 and 13 May pose
an incalculable danger and threat to peace and stability in the region.
Thus far only the ability to detonate a nuclear device has been
demonstrated by both sides. Whether effective delivery systems have also
been developed, remains unclear.
If at all these blasts prove anything, it is the horrendous
realization that the chauvinistic and jingoistic lobbies in the two
countries now have at their disposal the means to inflict irreversible and
irreparable destruction and suffering upon the peoples of the Subcontinent.
The worst imaginable scenario could be that the whole region slips into
oblivion in the event of a war involving nuclear weapons, leaving behind
enough radioactivity and other lethal agents to menace the health and
safety of regions far beyond and for a long time to come.
There is, of course, the argument that the possession of nuclear
weapons enhances security and thereby contributes to peace, simply because
if both sides possess them then neither can use them with impunity. This is
apparently a strong cold-blooded, rational, argument. However, in the
Pakistan-India context it can be shown that such an argument is a bad one.
Here are some points to consider:

1. Nuclear weapons may be an effective deterrent against total war, but are
useless as a means of preventing small-scale terrorist activities of the
intelligence services of hostile countries. It is widely believed that at
least since the beginning of the 1980s both sides have been involved in
dastardly acts of terrorism against innocent men, women and children. Bombs
have been planted in market-places, buses, offices, trains, railway
stations and other such places where people congregate in large numbers. As
a result, many people have been maimed, killed or simply traumatized.
Against this ongoing undeclared war nuclear weapons are no deterrent. In
fact one can suspect that they will only embolden the secret services to
intensify their nefarious activities and indulge their sadistic impulses
with relish in the vain belief that a large-scale war is now impossible.

2. Low-intensity battles have been going on for years between Pakistani and
Indian troops along the cease-fire line in Kashmir. Casualties, including
deaths, have occurred on both sides. Nuclear weapons are of no use in
deterring such blood-spilling. On the other hand, the assumption that a
full-scale war is now impossible may perversely encourage local commanders
to accelerate their war games.

3. Nuclear weapons are a deterrent only if the belligerents are in
possession of superior technology to monitor the situation and ensure that
accidental outbreak of war can be prevented. However, no foolproof
technology exists anywhere. As recently as 1995 a stray Norwegian rocket
seemingly threatening to enter Russian airspace led the Russian armed
forces to alert President Yeltsin. They subsequently determined that the
missile was not headed for Russia and called off the alert. As we know,
neither Pakistan nor India can claim access to sophisticated technology at
present. This greatly increases the chances of an accidental use of nuclear
weapons. In the final analysis, nuclear weapons can never guarantee real
and lasting peace.

We, Pakistanis (included are persons of Pakistani origin and expatriates),
therefore exhort the two governments to seek other ways and means of
promoting peace and security. They must focus on the ethical and material
well-being of their peoples. It is especially shameful that while the vast
majority of the people in these two countries have to wage a daily struggle
for survival their governments waste scarce resources on building weapon
arsenals. The ancient Indian tradition of ahimsa is part of the common
heritage of all the peoples of this region. Many Sufi ideas are also
supportive of peace, tolerance and respect for life. The ultra-nationalist
and militarist postures of the present regimes, however, negate these
humane values. This must change. Relations between Pakistan and India and
their peoples should be based on goodwill and a commitment to resolve all
controversial issues through discussion and mutual accommodation.

We do not, therefore, find the present policies of the governments of
Pakistan and India on defence and security, especially the acquisition of
nuclear weapon capabilities, justifiable on any grounds. We also find that
the present arrangement that the USA, Russia, France, Britain and China can
continue to possess nuclear weapons, arbitrary and flawed. We urge,
therefore, the two governments to work towards a global regime dedicated to
bringing about the total destruction of all nuclear weapons within a
specified period of time, without linking it to their own right to
nuclearize. As an immediate step, both countries should declare that they
will not embark upon a programme of building nuclear weapon systems.

Statement prepared by:

1. Dr. Ishtiaq Ahmed
Associate Professor (Reader)
Department of Political Science
Stockholm University
106 91 Stockholm
Tel: + 46 8 623 15 47 (home)
+ 46 8 16 26 24 (office)
Fax:+ 46 8 15 25 29 (at office)

Statement supported by:

(the persons who have appended their names do so in their individual
capacity and not on behalf of the institutions or organizations they work
at or are affiliated with. The campaign to collect support for the
statement was conducted essentially via email)

2. Dr. Fatima Husain

3. Ijaz Syed
San Jose, CA, USA

4. Sain Sucha
Author, Writer and Publisher
Sollentuna, Sweden

5. Riaz Ahmed Cheema
LL.B, D.I.L. (Stockholm)
Solna, Sweden

6.Prof. Dr. Hassan Gardezi

7. Ayyub Malik
Architect and Planner

8. Amena H. Saiyid
(Graduate student
Missouri School of Journalism)

9. Nusrat Malik
New York

10. Waseem Hussain
Journalist BR, IFJ Zurich

11. Dr. Yunas Samad
Lecturer in Sociology, University of Bradford

12. Dr. Faheem Hussain
Trieste, Italy

13. Mohammed Yusuf Rahat
Virginia, USA

14. Zulekha Yusuf
Virginia, USA

15. Farina Sial
Suffering Physician Assistant
Student at TOURO College, NY

16. Dr. Ahmed Shibli
European Technology Development Ltd, Surrey, UK

17. Tazeen Ali
Sydney, Australia

18. Mahir Ali
Journalist and Poet
Sydney, Australia

19. Mujahid Tirmizey
Chairman Faiz Cultural Academy

20. Saeed Minhas
Journalist, Pakistan

21. Rafi Khawaja
Software Engineer, California, USA

22. Dr Bilal Hashmi

23. Tazeen Bari
Pattan, Pakistan

24. Sehba Sarwar
Houston, USA

25. Dr. Zarina Salamat
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

26, Dr. Khushi M. Khan
Institute of Economic Theory and Policy
University of Oldenburg

27. Dr. Saghir A. Shaikh, Ph.D.
Sacramento, CA, USA

28. Mustafa Hussain
Dept. of Sociology, Lund University

29. Dr. A. H. Nayyar
Princeton University, USA

30. Irfan Malik
Austin, Texas, USA

31. Irfan Malik
Punjabi Poet and Writer
Arlington, MA

32. Bakhsh Lyallpuri
Punjabi and Urdu Poet

33. Furrukh Khan
Centre for Colonial and Postcolonial Studies
University of Kent, UK

34. Razia Malik
Chicago, Illinois

35. Fayyaz A. Malik, MD
Prattville, Alabama

36. Dr Sohail Inayatullah
Senior Research Fellow and
Editor, Journal of Future Studies
Brisbane, Australia

37. Aisha Gazdar
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

38. Nosheen Imran
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

39. Sohail Akbar Warraich
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

40. Bushra Rehmat
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

41. Nighat Hafeez
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

42. Fazila Gulrez
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

43. Fauzia Rauf
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

44. Insha Hamdani
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

45. Amtul Naheed
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

46. Naveeda Hashmi
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

47. Shabana Naz
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

48. Naureen Tawakkal
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

49. Naila
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

50. Ambar Naveed
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

51. Muhammad Anwar
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

52. Muhammad Alamgir
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

53. Khawar Mumtaz
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

54. Farida Shaheed
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

55. Abbas Rashid
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

56. Kamil Khan Mumtaz
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

57. Tasnim Beg
Shirkat Gah, Lahore

58. Zubair Faisal Abbasi
Journalist, Johar Town

59. Rafiq Khan
Peace Activist
Stockholm, Sweden

60. Ilyas Khan
Anti-Child Labour and Anti-Bonded Labour Activist
Stockholm, Sweden

61. Faiza Inayat
Islamabad. Pakistan

62. Dr. Zahid Shariff
Olympia, Washington

63. Amar Mahboob
New Jersey, USA

64. Professor Ziauddin Sardar
London, UK

65. Dr Iftikhar Malik
Bath University College,
Bath, UK

66. Nighat Malik
Worcester College, Oxford, UK

67. Farooq Malik
Sussex University
Brighton, UK

68. Sidra Malik
Cherwell Upper School,
Oxford. UK

69. Abdul Majid
MA (Punjab), ADPA (England), DSW (Sweden)
Lahore and Stockholm

70. Mirza Tassaduq Baig
LLM (Jurist)
Vaxjo, Sweden

71. Zahoor Malik
Chicago, Illinois, USA

72. Nadeem J. Z. Hussain
Dept. of Philosophy
Univ. of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI, USA

73. Zafar A Malik
Graphic Designer & Art Director
Hounslow, Middx, UK

74. Sameena Z Malik
Hounslow, Middx, UK

75. Saad A Malik
London School of Economics

76. Saeed Anjum
Writer and Filmmaker
Oslo, Norway

77. Ahmed Afzal
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

78. Tanveer A. Janjua
Sacramento, California, USA

79. Hafsa Rai
Cairo, Egypt

80. Prof. Dr. Pervez Hoodbhoy
Visiting Professor
Theory Group for Quarks, Hadrons & Nuclei
Department of Physics, University of Maryland, USA

81. Dr Amjad Ali
General Surgeon
Duke University Medical Center
Durham NC USA

82. Dr. Arif Azad
Writer & Political Activist
Index On Censorship
London, UK

83. Prof. Dr. Riffat Hassan
Department of Religious Studies and Humanities
University of Louisville, Kentucky, USA

84. Mishka Zaman,
Islamabad, Pakistan

85. Masood Munawer Bhatti
Drammen , Norway

86. Khalid Salimi
Editor (Redaktør) SAMORA

87. Azad Kausary, Journalist
Lahore, Pakistan

88. Harris Khalique
Karachi, Pakistan

89. Ahmed Faqih
Urdu and Punjabi Poet
Sollentuna, Sweden

90. Surraya Faqih
Sollentuna, Sweden

91. Sunil Faqih
Royal Institute of Technology
Stockholm, Sweden

92. Adeel Faqih
Sollentuna, Sweden

93. Sonia Faqih-Zadef
Department of English, Royal Holloway College
University of London, UK

94. Sheeba Z. Malik
Chicago, Ill, USA

95. Madiha Z. Malik
Chicago, Ill, USA

96. Khawar Z. Malik
Chicago, Ill, USA

97. Amanullah J. Kariapper
LUMS, Lahore, Pakistan

98. Fatma Shah
Islamabad, Pakistan

99. Abbas Hasan
Islamabad, Pakistan

100. Amenah Hasan
Islamabad, Pakistan

101. Foqia Sadiq Khan
Research Assistant
Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI)
Islamabad, Pakistan

102. Dr. Jennifer Bennett, Research Fellow, SDPI

103. Sajid Kazmi, Research Assistant, SDPI
Islamabad, Pakistan

104. Dr. Kaiser Bengali, Visiting Research Fellow, SDPI
Islamabad, Pakistan

105. Zubair Murshid, Research Assistant, SDPI
Islamabad, Pakistan

106. Dr. Shahrukh Rafi Khan, SDPI

107. Atif Rizwan, SDPI

108. Masood Hussain Qureshi, SDPI

109. Arshad Khurshid, SDPI

110. Dr. Shahid Zia, SDPI

111. Iqbal Haider Butt
SDPI, Islamabad, Pakistan

112. Saba Khattak
Research Fellow, SDPI,

113. Faisal A. Gilani
Rawalpindi, Pakistan

114. Dr. Arshad Waheed
Islamabad, Pakistan

115. Imran Baig
Peace Activist
Solna, Sweden

116. Uzma Jalal Haque
Baltimore, USA

117. Mustafa Kamal Ahmed
Cambridge, MA, USA

118. Dr. Ghazala Anwar, Ph.D.
Philadelphia, USA

119. Mohammed Naim Ullah,
Chartered Civil Engineer

120. Mohammad Shamoon Chaudry
New York, NY, USA

121. Hasan Rizvi
Islamabad, Pakistan

122. Isa Daudpota
Islamabad, Pakistan

123. Safiya Aftab
Islamabad, Pakistan

124. Prof. Dr. Asghar Qadir
Department of Mathematics
Quaid-e-Azam University
Islamabad, Pakistan

125. Mehreen Hosain
Islamabad, Pakistan

126. I.A. Rehman
Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP)
Lahore, Pakistan

127. Aziz A. Siddiqui, HRCP , Lahore

128. Hussain Naqi, HRCP, Lahore

129. Mehboob Khan, Advocate, Lahore

130. Ashar Rahman, Journalist, Lahore

131. Tahira Mazhar Ali Khan
Democratic Women's Association, Lahore

132. Athar Rahman, Advocate, Multan

133. Zaman Khan , HRCP, Lahore

134. Saeed Ahmad Khan, Advocate, Multan

135. Safdar Hasan Siddiqui, Pak-India Forum, Lahore

136. Rao Abid Hamid, HRCP, Lahore

137. Rashed Rahman, Advocate, Multan

138. Sahr Ataullah, HRCP, Lahore

139. Ayesha Vawda
Education Researcher
Washington, DC, USA

140. Dr. Mohammad Tanveer
Secretary, Journalist Resource Centre (JRC)
Lahore, Pakistan

141. Aziz Mazhar, Veteran journalist,

142. Rashed Rahman, The Nation (daily),
Lahore, Pakistan

143. Jalees I. Hazir, Freelance journalist,

144. Muhammad Akram Dail, The News (daily),

145. Vajdaan Tanveer anti-nuclear activist,

146. Fozia Tanveer SAP-PK,

147. Farah Zia, The News

148. Hussain Sajjad, The Nation

149. Noman Yawar, daily Jang

150. Saleem Akhtar, daily Jang

151. Sarmad Manzoor, JRC

152. Amna Rizwan Ali
Islamabad, Pakistan

153. Shahbano Aliani
New York City

154. Najeeba Khan
Research Associate
LUMS, Pakistan

155. Mona Ahmad Ali
Department of Economics
New School For Social Research
New York

156. Maqbool Aliani
Virginia, USA

157. Dr. Altaf Memon
University of Maryland UC
College Park, MD, USA

158. Ayesha Muzaffar
Islamabad, Pakistan

159. Saleem H. Ali
Doctoral Candidate and Voorhees Scholar
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Environmental Policy Group

160. Nadeem Omar Tarar
Lecturer,National College of Arts
Lahore, Pakistan

161. Asif M Mohammad
Senior Software Engineer
California - USA

162. Saad Mufti
Herndon, Virginia, USA

163. Rahil Ahmad
Sollentuna, Sweden

164. Jan Mohammed Baloch
Administrative Coordinator
PanAmSat, Los Angeles, CA

165. Humair Baloch
El Camino College
Los Angeles, CA, USA

166. Mahroze Baloch
North High School, Los Angeles, CA

167. Fiza Baloch
Magruder Middle School
Los Angeles, CA, USA

168. Saira Latif
LUMS, Lahore

169. Aisha Masood Rashid
LUMS, Lahore

170. Khurrum S. Bhutta
LUMS, Lahore

171. Saara Salim,
BSc student, LUMS, Lahore

172. Majid Munir
Lahore, Pakistan

173. Ameel Zia Khan
BSc.(Hons) Student
Lahore University of Management Sciences,
Lahore, Pakistan

174. Zahra Shamji
Ljunby, Sweden

175. Hameed Ahmed Sheikh
Chartered Architect
Islamabad, Pakistan

176. Faisal Kheiri
Teacher, Lahore American School

177. Kiran Khan
Dubai, United Arab Emirates

178. Azfar Najmi
San Diego, CA

179. Amer Iqbal
Center for Theoretical Physics, MIT,

180. Babar Mumtaz
Reader (Associate Professor)
University College London

181. Zia Akhter Abbas
Karachi, Pakistan

182. Irfan Ahmad Khan
Information Technologist, NGORC
Karachi, Pakistan

183. Shamsa H. Khalique
Karachi, Pakistan

184. Zafar Ahmed
Karachi, Pakistan

185. Dr Shershah Syed
Karachi, Pakistan

186. Tariq Khalique
Karachi, Pakistan

187. Dr Rana Tauqir Ahmed
Karachi, Pakistan

188. Bilal Ahmad
Economic Journalist

189. Amjid Bhatti

190. Adil Manzoor
Graduate student in Geology

191. Fatima Zahra Hassan
Miniature Painter
NCA, Lahore

192. Dr. Hameed Toor
Department of Electronics
Quaid-e-Azam University (QAU) Islamabad

193. Naseer Ahmad
Asst. Professor

194. Ibrar Hamayun

195. Prof. Dr Tariq Rehman
Quaid-e-Azam University,
Islamabad, Pakistan

196. Saeed Ur Rehman
Graduate Student in School of Literature and Art
Australian National University,

Professor of Psychology and Communication
NCA, Lahore

198. Iqbal Jatoi
Program Manager
Action Aid Pakistan

199. Khalid Hussain
Environmental Journalist

200. Mahmood U Hassan
St. John College
Cambridge, UK

201. Irfan Mufti
Program Manager
South Asia Partnership

202. Tanvir Ahmad
Journalist Resource Centre

203. Khalid Umar
Engineer WAPDA, and Consultant

204. Syed Sirajus Salekin
Sollentuna, Sweden

205. Ali Amjad
Ohio Wesleyan University,
Ohio, Delaware, USA

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