( 28 June 2001)

Beyond Confidence Building:

Vajpayee and Musharraf Must Agree on a Nuclear Freeze

Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament and Peace (India)
and endorsed by The Pakistan Peace Coalition (Pakistan)

CNDP heartily welcomes the forthcoming, long-overdue,
meeting between Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari
Vajpayee and Pakistan Chief Executive Pervez
Musharraf. Millions of peace-loving citizens in both
countries have placed high hopes in their talks. These
can be fulfilled only if they reach agreements in good
faith on a number of issues. Such agreements must go
beyond mere transparency and confidence building of
the feeble, limited kind attempted in the Lahore
accords of 1999.

On the nuclear and missile issues, in particular, it
is imperative that India and Pakistan make a bold
departure by defusing their rivalry.
Developments since the Pokhran-II and Chagai tests of
May 1998 have highlighted the volatility of the
India-Pakistan relationship and its grave potential
for a nuclear conflagration. There is a danger that a
conventional conflict between them could escalate to
the nuclear plane.

Both India and Pakistan must return to the global
nuclear disarmament agenda, rather than seek
legitimisation and enhancement of their
nuclear-weapons status. It is vital that the
fire-break between testing and induction/deployment of
nuclear weapons be maintained.
Hence there must be a COMPLETE FREEZE on nuclear
weapons and missile development, and decommissioning
of preparations in this regard.

Consequently, the National Coalition for Nuclear
Disarmament and Peace demands the following immediate measures as the very
minimum needed to fulfil the expectations of the
peace-loving people of both countries:

1. No nuclear weaponisation. No further development of
nuclear weapons designs or related technologies.

2. No stockpiling or reprocessing of plutonium or
enriched uranium.

3. No missile test flights.

4. No deployment of short or medium-range missiles,
and other nuclear weapon delivery systems.

5. A bilateral test ban, without conditions and
Dismantling of test sites including Pokhran and

6. No preparations for staging a nuclear war, ncluding
military exercises with a nuclear
scenario/environment. No offensive or provocative
military exercises. No nuclear posturing or threats,
even indirect ones.
Full prior information to the other side before
conducting conventional military exercises.

7. No further development of command, control,
communication and intelligence systems pertaining to
nuclear weaponisation.

8. All the above measures preparatory to a
decommissioning of nuclear weapons and missiles by
both sides. A no-first-use pledge by both sides until
such decommissioning is achieved.

9. Strengthening confidence-building measures. This
would include activation of hot-lines and other modes
of regular communication and consultation between the
Directors-General of Military Operations on both

10. Immediate negotiations on verification and
compliance with all of the above measures.

11. A joint declaration against the Missile Defence
plans announced by the US, and a joint call for the
removal of its hypocritical sanctions imposed upon
both India and Pakistan.

12. A joint appeal to all nuclear weapons states to
implement the World Court-endorsed obligation of all
humankind for the total regional and global
elimination of nuclear weapons.

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