Ai Sharif Insano,
Jang Talti Rahe to Behtar hai


This document is the end-product of the discussions which took place
in a series of meetings, held in Karachi and attended by
representatives of several political parties and labour, women and
social organisations.

The original text of the document reflected the reaction of the
participants against the five underground nuclear tests conducted by
India and the possibility of Pakistan replicating them.

A Committee was formed in that first meeting to chalk out a programme
to mobilise public opinion against the nuclearisation of the
subcontinent. It was named "the Action Committee Against Arms Race
(ACAAR)", considering that all kinds of arms race, be it conventional
or nuclear, are immoral as they not only rob the people of their
right to health, education, housing, employment and other basic
needs, but put their and their progenies' existence as human beings,
in peril.

Since then, Pakistan has conducted six tests in Chaghi, confirming
our worst fears that a nuclear race in South Asia would soon be on,
with all its horrendous consequences. Along with the nuclear tests
came the imposition of Emergency and suspension of the fundamental
rights of the people of Pakistan. The Committee took stock of the new
situation and introduced relevant amendments in the original
document, giving space to the series of new developments leading
towards a South Asian nuclear race between two under-developed
countries whose people are these days fighting street battles for
drinking water and electricity, leave alone schools, hospitals,
roads, housing and jobs.


AI SHAREEF INSANO

Khoon apna ho ya paraaya ho
Nasl-e-adam ka khoon hai aakhir
Jang maghrib mein ho ke mashriq mein
Amn-e-aalam ka khoon hai aakhir

Bam gharon par giren ke sarhad par
Rooh-e-taameer zakhm khaati hai
Khet apne jalein ke auron ke
Zeest faaqon mein tilmilaati hai

Tank aage badhen ke peeche haten
Kokh dharti ki baanjh hoti hai
Fat-ha ka jashn ho ke haar ka sog
Zindagi mayyaton pe roti hai

Is liye ai shareef insaano,
Jang talti raheto behtar hai
Aap aur hum, sabhi ke aangan mein
Shama jalti rahe to behtar hai

Dear Civilized People

Be this blood ours or theirs
Humanity is bloodied
Be this war in East or west
A peaceful earth is bloodied

Whether the bombs fall on homes or borders
The spirit of construction is wounded
Whether it is our fields that burn or theirs
Life is wracked by starvation

It matters not that tanks advance or retreat
The womb of the earth becomes barren
Be it a celebration of victory or loss' lament
The living must mourn the corpses

That is why, o civilized people
It is better that war remains postponed
In your homes, and in ours
It is better that lamps continue to flicker

Sahir Ludhianwi


THE DOCUMENT


The recent series of 5 nuclear tests by India and 6 by Pakistan (a
body blow to the on-going efforts to improve Pak-India relations),
the ongoing escalation of missile race by both the countries, and the
general militarization of the region are matters of grave concern,
not only for the people of the two countries but for the whole of
South Asia. Although all this is being done in the name of national
security, these actions serve only to heighten tensions and
hostilities in the region, further aggravating insecurities for each
country. It is tragic that precious resources that should be used for
the welfare and betterment of the people are instead being squandered
on weapons of mass destruction of unimaginable proportions.

The nuclear tests carried out by the BJP-led government in India had
exposed the true designs of that fascist, religious fundamentalist
party of the upper castes. The BJP which had polled hardly 30% of the
votes cast in the recent Indian general elections had no mandate from
the people of India to indulge in such a criminal exercise which has
taken the India-Pakistan cold war and arms race to a new stage of
nuclearisation of the subcontinent with all its alarming
consequences. Similarly, in the 1997 elections the people of Pakistan
had not given the Pakistan Muslim League or Nawaz Sharif any mandate
to conduct nuclear tests or make nuclear weapons.

While the BJP and its allies were rejoicing amidst the euphoria
generated by India's nuclear tests, their counterparts in Pakistan
like Jamaat-i-Islami and its fellow-travellers were clamouring for
giving a befitting reply to India by conducting Pakistan's own
nuclear tests. It was pathetic to see the Pakistan People's Party and
its leader Benazir Bhutto trying to outdo the religious, sectarian
and jingoist elements in this campaign in support of the nuclear
bomb. And, it is disgusting now, after Pakistan has carried out six
tests, to hear the same person warning everyone of the dangerous
implications of the Pakistani nuclear tests for national security.

In their blind pursuit of paranoid nationalism, the vainglorious
elements in both countries remain blissfully unaware of the /mass
destruction potential of nuclear weapons. They do not understand that
nuclear weapons are evil, mass annihilators of human life and are
morally indefensible, which no country should possess and that it is
the moral responsibility of the citizens of every country to try and
prevent their country from ever possessing these terrible weapons.

Even some of the leading military generals in the West who had their
fingers on the nuclear buttons have publicly come out to say no to
nuclear weapons. How can countries like India and Pakistan which
cannot even bear the burden of buying, leave alone manufacturing
conventional weapons, except at the expense of the basic needs of
their peoples, bear the astronomical cost of testing and
manufacturing nuclear weapons? And, has anyone among the protagonists
of the nuclear bomb ever thought of not only the massive destruction
and devastation in terms of human lives that a nuclear bomb of any
denomination will bring upon the targeted territory and far beyond
but also its devastating consequences upon generations upon
generations of human beings, animals and plants for decades to come?
We do not wish to quote figures because they are too frightening to
look at. The worst victims of this war-mongering, arrogant and
competitive nationalism (fraudulently rationalised in the name of
"security") are ordinary people. The social and economic costs of
development, forgone thanks to military posturing, have already
proved onerous. For all the official bluster about pursuing
"national greatness", India and Pakistan both feature, by all
accepted indices, at the bottom of the human development ladder.

As for Pakistan (which is also applicable to India) an economically
stable Pakistan with strong democratic institutions and without
nuclear bombs will be many times more secure than an economically
shattered Pakistan with a few nuclear weapons in its arsenal but with
a population robbed of their basic human right to a decent existence.
This is a lesson one should have learnt from the fate of the mighty
Soviet Union which collapsed and disappeared, not because it had no
nuclear weapons and delivery systems but in spite of having so many
of them. Soviet economy fell victim to the armaments race, the
nuclear race and crashed under its weight, and with it went down the
Soviet State.

The already entrenched international Nuclear Club has already
demonstrated its inability to stop any country from going nuclear. If
the countries of this exclusive club are sincere about every country
signing what they call the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), they should set an example by
starting to dismantle their own nuclear arsenals first.

The United Nations should make nuclear non-proliferation an integral
part of its programme rather than an exclusive club dictating terms
to other countries.

In the face of the ongoing jingoistic rhetoric of the nuclear lobbies
of the two countries, followed by the suspension of people's
fundamental rights under a state of emergency in Pakistan, there is
an urgent need to take a bold initiative towards developing a
people's peace movement in the subcontinent, and also globally, that
aims at people-to-people reconciliation and maximal economic,
political and social progress for all the peoples of South Asia
through close regional cooperation. To promote peace and peaceability
is the most urgent task of all the people of goodwill and liberal
outlook. It is high time the peoples of South Asia took a bold
initiative and forced their governments to publicly announce the
renunciation of nuclear tests and production of nuclear weapons and
missiles.

It is heartening to see peace-loving forces in India too protesting
everywhere against the Indian nuclear tests and condemning the BJP
Government. We appeal to all such organisations and individuals in
Pakistan who are striving from different platforms for peace in the
subcontinent, to link up with the ACAAR so that a grand national
peace movement may emerge as part of a larger South Asian and
international movement for peace and democracy at this hour of grave
peril to our very existence.



Yusuf Mustikhan
Convener(ACAAR)
Contact Address
43/3-C, Shah Abdul Latif Road,
Block-6, PECHS., Karachi, Pakistan.


S. NO. Name Organisation

1 Usman Baluch PNP
2 Umer Baluch I.D.I
3 Comrade Maqbool CMKP
4 Sheikh Saleem LPP
5 A. Hai HRCP
6 Issa Khan CMKP
7 Z.A. Beedri PILER
8 Khawaja Najeebuddin Anjuman Taraqqipasand Musannifeen
9 Mohd. Sabir CMKP
10 Haji Iqbal Baluch PNP
11 Sabaun Bangash CMKP
12 A. Sami Soomro PNP
13 Shuja Baluch Economics Student
14 Fasih Salar AJP
15 A. R. Arif CMKP
16 Muslim Shamim Progressive Writers Association
17 Jawed Shakoor Railway Mehnatkash Union
18 Sharafat Ali Social Democratic Movement
19 Mohammad Hashim Khoso Jeaye Sindh Mahaz
20 Muhammad Yusuf Khan Niazi Saraiki National Party
21 Yusuf Mustikhan PNP
22 Namat Khan Tehreeki Istiqlal
23 Sheen Farrukh Forum for Peace & Development
24. Tauqeer Chughtai "Jafakash" - Idara-e-Aman-o-Insaf
25. M.B.Naqvi Social Democratic Movement
26. Farhat Parveen PILER
27. A.Khalique Junejo Jeaye Sindh Mahaz
28. Nuzhat Shirin Free Lance Journalist
29. Azra Babar Baan Beli
30. Sheema Kermani Tehrik-e-Niswan
31. Dr. S.T.Sohail Medicare
32. Jamaluddin Naqvi Forum for Social Studies
33. Naheed Afzal Khan Tehreeki Istiqlal
34. Husain Askari The News
35. M.Ahmed Drra Tehreeki Istiqlal
36. Baseer Naweed Social Democratic Movement
37. Karamat Ali Pakistan Workers Confederation
38. Shahid Fayyaz Social Democratic Movement
39. Moazzam Ali H.R.C.P
40. A. Ali Memon ---
41. Musadiq Sanwal Graphic Designer (Free lance)
42. Khurram Mustikhan Journalist
43. A.Samad Panjguri P.N.P
44. M. Farooque Baloch P.M.L. (N)
45. Javed Baloch B.N.M
46. Mohammed Ali N.S.C
47. Mir Hammal Khan P.N.P. Sindh
48. B.M.Kutty P.N.P - P.N.C
49 Aly Ercelawn Creed
50 Aziz Fatima Professor of Physics
51 Zulfiqar Ali PILER
52 Qamar ul Hasan PILER
53 Khalid Ahmad Tehrik-e-Niswan
54 Seemin Bashir
55 Nuzhat Kidvai
56 Nasir Bluch Labour Party Pakistan
57 Farooq Rehman Catholic Social Services
58 Augustine Massey Catholic Social Services
59 Sabeen Mahmud Enabling Technologies
60 Zaheer A. Kidvai Hamdard Institute of Inf. Technology
61 Dr. Asad Sayeed Economist

Released by:

Usman Baluch
On behalf of signatories



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